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高中英语句型大全

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发表于 2015-11-12 20:24:29 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
句型1
would rather that somebody did…"宁愿……;更愿意……"(表示现在或将来的不能实现的愿望)
would rather that somebody had done…"宁愿……;更愿意……"(表示过去的不能实现的愿望)

[例句]
1.I'd rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在去寄信。

2.I'd rather you were not a celebrated actor. In that case, we could spend more time together.
我到情愿你不是个知名演员,这样我们可以有更多的时间在一起。

3.I'd rather that I hadn't seen her yesterday.
我情愿昨天没有看到她。

句型2
as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……(表示与现在或将来的情况相反用过去时;表示与过去的情况相反用过去完成时)

[例句]
1.Our head teacher treats us as if we were her own children, so all the students in our class think highly of her.
我们校长对待我们就像我们是她自己的孩子一样,所以我们班所有学生都很尊重她。

2.Alan talked about Rome as if he had been there.
Alan谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。

句型3
"wish +宾语从句",表示不大 可能实现的愿望
表示现在的不能实现的愿望:主语+过去时;
表示过去的不能实现的愿望:主语+had done;
表示将来的不能实现的愿望:主语+would/could do

[例句]
1.How I wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves! 我们学生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自己!

2.I failed in the maths exam. How I wish I hadn't wasted so much time playing!
我考试没有及格。我多么希望我没有浪费这么多的时间用来玩儿!

3.What a pity you can't go to the party. How I wish I could dance with you at the party!
真遗憾你不能去这个聚会。我多么希望我可以和你在聚会上跳舞啊!

句型4
It's high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就该……

[例句]
1.It's time that you went to school.= It's time that you should go to school.
你该去上学了。

2.It's high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事情的时候了。

3.I think it's high time that she made up her mind. 我想她该拿定主意了。

句型5
情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法
could have done "本来可以做某事实际却没做”或“可能已经做了某事”
might have done "或许已经做了某事“
should/ought to have done "本来该做某事而实际未做”
should not/ought not to have done "本来不该做实际却做过了,含有责备语气“
needn't have done "本来不必做但是已经做过了
would rather have done "当时宁愿做了某事实际没有做过悔"之意。

句型6
as, though, although引导的让步状语从句。
[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。

[例句]
1. Although/Though I'm young, I already know what career I want to follow.
→Young as/though I am, I already know what career I want to follow.
我虽然年轻,但我已经明白我应该追随什么样的事业。

2. Although/Though I respect him very much, I cannot agree with his idea.
→Much as/though I respect him, I cannot agree with his idea. 虽然我很尊重他,但是我不同意他的观点。

3. Although/Though he is a child, he knows a lot of Chinese characters.
→Child(省略冠词)as/though he is, he knows a lot of Chinese characters. 他虽然还是个孩子,却认识了许多汉字。

4. Although he tried, he couldn't solve the problem.
→Try as he might, he couldn't solve the problem. 尽管他努力了,但是他没有解决问题。

5. Although it is raining, I'm going out for a walk.
→Raining as it is, I'm going out for a walk. 天虽然在下雨,我还是要出去散步。

6. Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident. 这次意外虽然显得不可思议,却没有人受伤。

7. Much as I would like to help, I have a lot to do. 虽然我很想帮助你,但是我有很多事要做。

8. Object as you may, I will go. 纵使你反对,我也要去。

句型7
…before…特殊用法(1)"没来得及……就……"

[例句]
1.The roof had fallen before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.
他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子,房顶就塌了。

2.He had run off before I could stop him. 我还没有来得及阻止,他已经跑了。

3.To my great disappointment, my favorite singer had left the concert before I could have a word with her.
让我非常失望的是,我还没有来得及和我最喜欢的歌手打招呼,她就已经离开了。

句型8
…before…特殊用法(2)"过了多久才……"或"动作进行到什么程度才……"

[例句]
1.They had walked about fifty miles to the west before they saw a village.
他们西行50英里才看到一个村庄。

2.The workers had worked day and night about three days before everything returned to normal.
工人们连续工作3天才使一切恢复正常。

3.He almost had knocked me down before he knew it.
他几乎撞到我了才意识到。

4.We had walked a long way before we found some water.
我们走了很长的路才找到一点水。

5.Five years went by before I knew it. 不知不觉,五年过去了。

句型9
It was + 时间段+before…."过了多久才……"
It was not long before…."不久,就……"
It will (not) be +时间段+before…."要过多久(不久)……才……"(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态)

[例句]
1.It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意识到他处境的危险。

2.It was five days before he came back. 五天后他才回来。

3.It will be half a year before you graduate from the school. 再过半年你才能毕业。

4.It will not be long before they understand each other. 他们大概不久就会互相了解。

句型10
in case of…(+n.) "以防;假使";
in case that…"以防,假使……"(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)

[例句]
1.In case of fire, what should we do?
假使发生火灾,我们要做些什么呢?

2.Please remind me about it in case I forget/should forget. 请提醒我,以防我忘记。

3.In case (that) John comes/should come, please tell him to wait.
假使约翰来了,请让他等一会儿。

4.Please take your umbrella in case (that it rains/should rain).带上雨伞,以防下雨。

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